Evolution of Community Policing 
Historic Halton Police Building 

The Halton Regional Police Service began implementing its community-based policing philosophy in 1984 with the introduction of its first Village Constable in Warwick.

Over the next decade, the HRPS reviewed and revised its management structure, and, in 1995, the Total Integrated Policing (TIP) philosophy emerged. The focus of TIP was to empower all Halton Regional Police Service employees and hold them accountable for the particular work they perform. TIP gave sworn members and civilians more autonomy at the same time as ensuring that processes and protocols remained consistent with the needs of the Service, community and existing legislation.

In the 2000s, the HRPS community-based policing model included the use of Community Policing Officers (CPOs) who, in addition to responding to calls for service and actively patrolling assigned areas, had a mandate that included proactive, reactive and preventative policing to improve community quality of life and the pursuit of partnerships with community members.


In 2015 the Halton Regional Police Service enhanced its community policing service delivery model by restructuring to include a Community Mobilization and Engagement strategy and the creation of a Community Mobilization Bureau (CMB) in each District (municipality) along with a Regional Community Mobilization Bureau.

This new strategy is part of a Regional Community Safety and Well-being plan which involves numerous public and private sector partners collaborating to ensure our region remains the safest and most sustainable regional municipality in Canada.

Essentially the Halton Regional Police Service will follow through on our mission to deliver effective and efficient community-based policing by providing policing services in four key target sectors. These target sectors include Emergency Response, Risk Intervention, Prevention, and Social Development. These four sectors have been adopted by the Ontario Association of Chiefs of Police (OACP) as the tenants of ensuring Community Safety and Well-being.

Community Mobilization Target Zones

Emergency response is the most known and historic form of policing which involves a reactionary deployment of officers to an emergency situation. An example of this would be officers responding to a serious motor vehicle collision. The second sector involves addressing situations of acutely elevated risk in the community. This would involve the service’s COMMANDE Strategy by having a type of case conference with other community partners. The third sector deals with Prevention which is the process of developing strategies aimed at reducing identified risks in the community. This could range from educating children about traffic safety to conducting seminars for seniors against fraud schemes. Lastly, there is the sector of Social Development which involves multiple community partners to promote and maintain community wellness such as programs for youth. A well engaged community full of robust programs and opportunities for all members of society will ultimately lead to enhanced community safety and well-being.

How it works

Under the new Community Mobilization and Engagement model, Regional programs and initiatives are administered by the Regional Community Mobilization Bureau (RCMB), which is based out of police headquarters in Oakville. This bureau also provides support to events and programs in the Districts.

To respond to the needs of Halton’s diverse population, the HRPS created a local Community Mobilization Bureau (CMB) in each District/municipality in the Region. CMBs have dedicated officers who specialize in identifying and mitigating risks in the community, providing crime prevention information to community stakeholders, and enhancing social development in the region. As noted previously, Social development is the last stage in the continuum of Community Safety and well-being. These officers work alongside a variety of community partners to address local crime and social disorder trends. Each Police district also maintains a COMMANDE Strategy or situation table which brings community partners together to mitigate situations of acutely elevated risk.