Bill C-45, The Cannabis Act
Bill C-45, the Cannabis Act, came into effect on October 17, 2018.
The Cannabis Act allows adults, subject to provincial or territorial restrictions, to:
- purchase fresh cannabis, dried cannabis, cannabis oil, cannabis seeds, or cannabis plants from authorized retailers;
- smoke and vape cannabis in private residences, many outdoor public places, designated guest rooms in hotels, motels and inns, and controlled areas in long-term care homes, certain retirement homes, residential hospices etc.;
- possess up to 30 grams of dried legal cannabis or equivalent in non-dried form in public;
- share up to 30 grams of dried legal cannabis with other adults;
- grow up to four cannabis plants per household (not per person) for personal use, from licensed seeds or seedlings from a licensed supplier; and
- make legal cannabis-containing products at home, such as food and drinks, provided that dangerous organic solvents are not used in making them.
The Cannabis Act creates a specific criminal offence for selling cannabis to a minor and creates significant penalties for those who engage young Canadians in cannabis-related offences.
Drug-impaired driving remains illegal in Canada. Refer to section 3.iii) for additional details, including detection, enforcement and penalties.