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Marihuana

Bill C-45, The Cannabis Act

Bill C-45, the Cannabis Act, will come into effect on October 17, 2018.

Once in effect, the Cannabis Act will allow adults, subject to provincial or territorial restrictions, to:

  • purchase fresh cannabis, dried cannabis, cannabis oil, cannabis seeds, or cannabis plants from authorized retailers;
  • smoke and vape cannabis in private residences, many outdoor public places, designated guest rooms in hotels, motels and inns, and controlled areas in long-term care homes, certain retirement homes, residential hospices etc.;
  • possess up to 30 grams of dried legal cannabis or equivalent in non-dried form in public;
  • share up to 30 grams of dried legal cannabis with other adults;
  • grow up to four cannabis plants per household (not per person) for personal use, from licensed seeds or seedlings from a licensed supplier; and
  • make legal cannabis-containing products at home, such as food and drinks, provided that dangerous organic solvents are not used in making them.

Until October 17, 2018, cannabis remains illegal in Canada, unless authorized for medical or scientific purposes.

The Cannabis Act creates a specific criminal offence for selling cannabis to a minor and creates significant penalties for those who engage young Canadians in cannabis-related offences.

Drug-impaired driving remains illegal in Canada. Refer to section 3.iii) for additional details, including detection, enforcement and penalties.